Answered By: Marie Rose Last Updated: Nov 17, 2015 Views: 65
The design of the cap badge of the S. C. Corps of Cadets consists of a palmetto tree, with the name of the College, the date of its founding (1842), and the ovals of the obverse and reverse of the S. C. state seal. This emblem also appears as the central picture of The Citadel Ring and is used for the mace-head of The Citadel's ceremonial mace.
The mottoes on the state seal are: Animis opibusque parati (AH-nee- meese OH-pee-BOOSE-quay pa-RAH-tee) (prepared in mind and resources); and Dum spiro spero (DOOM SPEE-roe SPAY-roe) (While I breathe I hope).
The traditional cap design was temporarily replaced during 1933-1937 with an emblem designed by Col. John W. Lang. The change however, did not meet with approval by cadets and alumna, and in May, 1937, the Board of Visitors approved the restoration of the original palmetto design. Col Lang's emblem illustrates the cover of the 1933-34 edition of The Palmetto (early name of The Guidon.
(Sources: South Carolina Legislative Manual (latest edition at the Library Reference Desk); David C. R. Heisser, The South Carolina State Seal: A Short History. REF CD5618 .S6 H45 1992; Col. Dennis D. Nicholson, "The Citadel Cap Device: a revered insignia," The Citadel, pages 41, 43; Jane Yates, "General history of the shako worn at The Citadel from late 19th century to mid 20th century," Citadel Archives and Museum; and, The Palmetto, https://archive.org/details/palmetto1933cita)