Answered By: Marie Rose
Last Updated: Nov 17, 2015     Views: 46

1896-1984. General, USA. President of The Citadel, 1954-1965. Graduated from West Point in 1917. His rank was a lieutenant. His roommate at West Point was William C. McMahon, who later became a Major General. During World War II he was the commanding general of the Fifth Army in Italy. While serving in Italy he acquired an interest in Italian furniture. He was the commanding general during the Korean War. How he came to The Citadel is very interestingly explained in Col. Nicholson's book. Governor James F. Byrnes, who was the former Secretary of State, was the one who asked him if wanted the position. His letter of recommendation came from the President of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower.

In 1955, General Clark appeared on the television show "This is Your Life." It was produced and coordinated by Jan Miller, the wife of the noted artist, David Humphreys Miller. General Clark's acquaintance with the Millers probably contributed to the placement of eight murals in the Daniel Library depicting Citadel history. He was also friendly with many of the world's notables. Winston Churchill originated one of his nicknames, The American Eagle. That was occasioned primarily by his being a great American hero, but it might also have involved a little friendly kidding about the size of his nose.

General Clark also wrote two books, Calculated Risk, about his campaigns during World War II (D766.82 .C5 1950); and From the Danube to the Yalu, which continued his life until the close of the Korean War (DS918 .C55).

He is depicted on the library mural showing the Corps of Cadets, 1962. His portrait also hangs in the Daniel Library. It is even more noteworthy in that it was painted by his daughter, Anne Clark Oosting. (Sources: Martin Blumenson, Mark Clark. E745 .C45 B58 1984; Dennis D. Nicholson, Jr., A History of The Citadel: The Years of Summerall and Clark. U430 .C5 N53 1994; American National Biography, vol. 4, pp. 940-942. REF CT213 .A68 1999 v. 4; Dictionary of American Military Biographyvol. 1, pp. 180-182. REF U52 .D53 1984; W. Gary Nichols, "The General As President: Charles P. Summerall and Mark W. Clark As Presidents of The Citadel," South Carolina Historical Magazine 95, no. 4 (October 1994): 314-335) (HN)

General Clark's papers are preserved in The Citadel Archives & Museum. 

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